Urogynecology is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology. It focuses on treating noncancerous conditions that affect a women’s pelvic health. These include urinary incontinence, bowel incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse. The doctors who practice this type of medicine are called urogynecologists. If you have experienced problems with urinary or bowel control, a urogynecologist may become your new favorite person.